Chapter 2 Learning outcomes
After reading this mini-text and participating in the lectures, you should be able to:
- Explain why we need attentional selection.
- Explain what limited capacity means.
- Explain the reasons why people don’t notice changes in change blindness videos.
- Know the three kinds of attentional selection.
- Describe how the kinds of selection connect to visual search performance and Treisman’s FIT (feature integration theory).
- Know two bottlenecks in human information processing and describe the roles they play in multiple phenomena.
- Define, and distinguish between, top-down (endogenous) and bottom-up (exogenous) attention.
- Explain why people miss important information in magic tricks and in the “inattentional blindness” videos.
- Explain the role of bottom-up attention, top-down attention, expectation, task, and limited capacity in each of the phenomena discussed.
- Understand how sensory signals can distract and the negative effects on human performance
- Explain why learning is important for determining what attracts our attention
These are high-level outcomes. You’ll see more detailed points in each chapter, often with questions at the end to check your understanding of individual points.